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Are Referees Getting Worse? The State of Officiating and Lawmakers Impending Existential Crisis

Monday’s announcement that Fulham were to be charged by the FA for failing to control their players in the recent Leeds United fixture is the straw that has broken my proverbial camel’s back when it comes to officiating.

There has been a fairly unilateral feeling that refereeing standards have been going down over the past few seasons, an opinion that has only been enhanced in Fulham fandom by the regular lower calibre of decision we’ve seen during our inaugural foray into the Championship.

However, I don’t take criticising officials in print lightly. Yes between 3pm and 5pm on a Saturday afternoon we are all automatically pre-disposed to blame them but let’s face it, they have a difficult job, and a vital one at that. They are the last line of protection for players’ safety and often hold the key to keeping a game entertaining, but in the career of a referee or assistant you mostly either face criticism or anonymity.

Yet there is a time and a place to speak up and the quality of officiating in this country needs to be addressed. This is not simply a biased spectator looking for an excuse to pardon his own team’s inefficiencies. Referee’s don’t have Fulham fighting a second successive relegation, but they do play a part in every game and the evening out of decisions for and against you over the course of a season is no reason to gloss over the underlying issue.

However, to start with, let’s be a little biased and look at the aforementioned Leeds game. Kostas Stafylidis gets booked for dissent after launching a verbal tirade against the assistant referee after he gave a throw in against the Fulham defender. The decision to give Leeds a throw in was a wrong one, and having just gone two goals down, Kostas took out his frustrations on the hapless official. A yellow card was probably fair, officials don’t need berating, even if they have made a boo boo. Twenty seconds later, Stafylidis rather idiotically decides to foul a Leeds player directly in front of the same assistant referee (and the Leeds fans). The referee gives him the old “calm down” motion and sets off towards the box ready to oversee the resultant free kick. However, his assistant has other ideas. The Leeds fans (of which there are some 6,000) reign down from the Putney End with a cascade of “off off off” chants and the assistant tells his referee to send off Stafylidis. Seeing this change of scenario unfold, several Fulham players (Captain Scott Parker and Vice Captain Ross McCormack included) charge towards the referee, incensed that their match has just been effectively ended with Stafylidis’ sending off. These are the facts [Imagine that said in the voice of Rafa Benitez and you’ll get where I’m going].

Why did the Fulham players (and the entire stadium) react with such anger? Well, the appearance was that the assistant referee either sent off Stafylidis because he was still upset about the earlier dissent, or because the Leeds fans encouraged him to do so. Or both. Yes, Stafylidis was a first rate hothead and shouldn’t have put himself in that scenario, but the entire situation came about from what was frankly poor officiating by the linesman in the first place. This was a linesman that was consistently yards behind the play (but we’ll get to fitness later).

Fast forward to later in the game and Ross McCormack gets taken out from behind, leading directly to a knee injury that has seen him have to withdraw from the Scotland squad after a hard earned recall. Was the relevant Leeds player sent off? Or even booked? No. Of course not. What was that about player protection?

The frequency of refereeing howlers is on the face of it alarmingly high. This last weekend we even had not one, but two wrong man sending off incidents across the Football League where Cauley Woodrow was dismissed wrongly against Huddersfield and West Brom’s Craig Dawson managed to hide from the referee for long enough after bringing down Manchester City’s Wilfried Bony that Gareth McAuley was sent off instead. However, there has been a magna carta-full of refereeing blunders this season and these were just the latest.

So why is this?

Well, a few weeks ago top flight referee Lee Propert delivered a lecture at the University of Bath entitled “The Demands of a Modern Referee and Why Angles are so Important”. What Mr Probert said was both revealing and highly unsatisfactory and points to an increase in difficulty and a resultant drop in standards and a high level of deniability.

Firstly a caveat, it was Probert who sent off Brede Hangeland v Sunderland in 2012 thus commencing the downward spiral that Fulham are still in, so my opinion of him is reasonably low, however what I write here is a direct report of what he himself said in that lecture at the University of Bath.

There were two main strands of the debate on standards that came out of his discussion; fitness and the media.

Firstly, Mr Probert described how up to about 2012, Premierleague referees had made an enormous effort to get themselves on the same level of fitness as the players. Indeed some of the fitness tests referees have to pass would make Olympic hopefuls blush. However, he said there was an overriding feeling amongst officials that players had since got fitter at a rate referees simply could not match. This means that for a referee to be in the right place and the right time to make the right decision is harder than it ever has been before as the game, and the players, are always getting faster. This is a legitimate explanation for an apparent drop in standards. The game is becoming simply too fast for the referees to catch up.

The second, and far more unsatisfactory point, is that referees are mindful of the media. Probert said referees don’t want to be the story, therefore there is a tendency to shy away from big decisions if they think they might be scrutinised. The more worrying aspect of this is that he said referees know decisions involving (and against) the big teams will inevitably generate more controversy and therefore coverage and therefore they are less likely to take them. The sum of that statement being that referees really do favour the big teams.

Probert gave an example of when another referee, Mike Dean, sent off Manchester City’s Vincent Kompany in a game against Arsenal back in 2013. The incident in question involved the Manchester City defender being shown a straight red card for a 50/50 tackle against Jack Wilshere. Probert’s explanation was that the Arsenal man should also have been sent off as both tackles were red card offenses. Why did only one man get sent off? To avoid the controversy as a double sending off would have made the referee the story. Interestingly, Kompany’s red card was actually overturned, something that went undiscussed.

However, Probert’s comments serve merely to reinforce the opinion that refereeing is suffering a bit of a crisis at the moment. With video technology not being utilised referees simply cannot achieve the ultimate levels of performance that their colleagues in other sports can. Without the quality of performance, they will not command the respect they crave and for the most part deserve. It is hard to talk about referees without using rugby union as an example, but watching Nigel Owens, the welsh referee, summarily end a conversation with the England Captain Chris Robshaw during last weekend’s Six Nations encounter between England and France with a simple, “Christopher, that’s enough” and the player responding with an even simpler “Yes sir”, it is hard to think that there is a long way for football to go.

What is the answer? Video technology is certainly the most obvious way to start, but football also needs to not be afraid of adapting and clarifying the rules themselves. Lawmakers need to ask themselves some questions. What are the purpose of the rules and what are the purpose of referees? Are referees set to be at the middle of football’s existential crisis? Of course not, this is football, we don’t worry about such things.

Good Luck Roy

So for the second time this season the subject of my penmanship is a Mr. Roy Hodgson. First time round, I was encouraging a warm reception as he brought West Brom to The Cottage back on the 1st February. Now, it’s to proclaim support for his nomination to the post of England manager.

I was an englandfan, in fact, technically I still am. No, not just a supporter of my country, I will always be that, but an actual paid up member of englandfans, the official supporters group for the national team which provides access to tickets and so on.

Over the years, I have greatly enjoyed supporting England. My second ever game of football was England v Saudi Arabia at the old Wembley Stadium. I was at Steven Gerrard’s England debut against the Ukraine, saw Danny Murphy score in a friendly against Paraguay at Anfield and was there when David Beckham scored ‘that’ free kick against Greece. I even did work experience at the FA’s Soho Square headquarters during the World Cup in Japan and South Korea. This was a time when supporting England meant the world to me.

Even as my support for the national team was becoming less fervent, I still wanted to go to games. I skipped the Wally with a Brolly game against Croatia, but was there when we exacted revenge to the tune of five goals two years later. I have sat in all three tiers at the new Wembley Stadium and have seen England win, lose and draw.

More and more though, over the last few years, I have become less and less captivated by the goings on of the national team. Perhaps it was the poor performance at the last World Cup or non-presence at the previous European Championship, perhaps it was a feeling of alienation from a fan-base who salute Wayne Rooney incessantly, despite his occasional moments of callous thuggery, perhaps it is ITV’s foolhardy television coverage or perhaps it is simply that my feelings for Fulham have simply led me to conclude there is a definite winner in the club versus country debate.

To be honest, if it were not the prospect of seeing Bobby Zamora in an England shirt, my interest in the national team would have been restricted to watching the squad announcements with disappointment and waiting for the inevitable penalty shootout loss come summer.

I get the feeling that my outlook on England might not be unique, especially from fans of clubs who don’t contribute the bulk of the playing squad. Now, however, after Sven, Steve McLaren, and Fabio Capello, there is a manager who I want to root for.

The position of England manager is one of the most talked about in the land. It is the position that carries the greatest weight of expectation. London has a mayoral election on Thursday, but one suspects that the new England boss will face a greater pressure to succeed. [Chancellor of the Exchequer] George Osborne is probably delighted there’s been an appointment; the vast majority of us understand the repercussions of a 2-0 defeat to Belgium more than a 0.2% contraction of the economy.

The England manager is the ambassador of English football to the world. For this, there is no man on the planet better suited that Roy Hodgson. Football management was his chosen career path, but one suspects that international diplomacy ran a close second.

Had England had a better relationship with world football, we might not have been pick-pocketed of the right to host the 2018 World Cup. Prince William, David Cameron and David Beckham stood up on the stage in Zurich for the decision, all three hold nothing like the reputation and esteem that Roy, as a 16 year veteran of UEFA and FIFA Technical Study Groups, is regarded with in the echelons of footballing power in Switzerland.

As a coach, there are few better. Harry Redknapp is not one of them. Jobs such as transforming Finland, a country where football falls somewhere between ski jumping and biathlon in popularity, into a nation within one match of tournament qualification, often go overlooked when checking his curriculum vitae.

People seem to have labeled Roy as someone who can’t cope with egos or star players. Quite frankly this tag is nothing short of ridiculous. You try working with [Inter Milan owner] Massimo Moratti.

There are a list of reasons as to why Roy is right for the England job, most of which will be paraded at length in the popular press over the next day or two. His knowledge and qualifications are certainly among them. Gaining experience outside of English football is not a crime; whatever certain commentators would have you believe. It will also be nice to actually have an England manager who knows the difference between international and club management.

It is fitting perhaps that his first game in charge will be a friendly against his former skipper, Brede Hangeland’s, Norway at the end of the month in Oslo.

The job will bring scrutiny and pressure, whilst a four-year contract represents hopefully, the FA putting their faith in Roy for the long term. If England are to fail at Euro 2012, lets not all call for his head and bemoan Harry’s non-appointment. For now, my interest in England has been rekindled.

So my message is this; good luck Roy. I’m behind you and I’m sure a lot of others are too.